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Escape From Laos

Posted by Jolly on March 12, 2012

Escape of Dieter Dengler from Laos

dieter1.jpgMaybe you've seen the movie "Rescue Dawn." It was marketed as the story of Dieter Dengler's escape from a Laos POW camp in 1966.  The movie was a Hollywood version and did a poor job of telling the real story which is far more dramatic.  The movie depicted many of the main characters in a light that was not very flattering and completely unfair.  The movie was produced after Dieter had his final flight west, so he was not here to throw the BS flag.  Dieter spent some time at the Navy's Survival Evasion Resistance and Escape (SERE) school after his return home.   All Naval and Air Force combat aviators were required to attend SERE dieterbook.jpgtraining post flight school.

Most of the SERE training we experienced was based on lessons learned from many brave warriors who spent months and years in captivity during the Vietnam War. I don't know why Hollywood finds it necessary to alter the facts when the real story is far better than the spin to sell tickets.  If you want to read the actual account, read the book Dieter wrote about his experience, "Escape from Loas."  The account below I got from the  I've also included a video interview with Dieter done for a documentary in Germany called "Little Dieter Needs to Fly."




Name: Dieter Dengler

Rank/Branch: 02/US Navy

Unit: Attack Squadron 145, USS Ranger

Date of Birth: (born in Germany - US Citizen)

Home City of Record: Hillsborough CA

Date of Loss: 01 February 1966

Country of Loss: Laos

Loss Coordinates: 174200N 1051500E (WE270590)

Status: Escaped

Aircraft/Vehicle/Ground: A1H

Other Personnel in Incident: (none missing)

Source: Compiled by Homecoming II Project 15 May 1990 from one or more of the following: raw data from U.S. Government agency sources, correspondence with POW/MIA families, published sources, interviews. Updated by the P.O.W. NETWORK 2008.


On February 1, 1966, U.S. Navy Lt. Dieter Dengler launched from the aircraftdieterA1.jpg
carrier USS RANGER in an A1H Skyraider as part of a four-aircraft interdiction mission near the border of Laos. Dieter was the last man to roll in on a target when he was observed by the pilot of one of the other aircraft to start a normal recover. Due to limited visibility, the flight lost sight of him.

The other aircraft in the flight could not determine what had happened. They only knew Dengler disappeared. Dengler later stated that ground fire had severely damaged his aircraft, and he was forced to crash land in Laos.  Search continued all that day and part of the night without success.

The following morning, squadron members again went to search the area where
Dengler disappeared and located the aircraft wreckage. Helicopters were
called in. From the air, it appeared that no one was in the cockpit of the
aircraft. The helicopter crew photographed the area and noted his donut (a
round seat cushion) on the ground by the wing. They hoped he was still alive
in the jungle somewhere.

Dengler had successfully evaded capture through that night, and later said
that he even saw the rescue aircraft as they searched for him. He had tried
without success to raise them on his emergency radio. Dengler was finally
captured by Pathet Lao troops, who tortured him as they force-marched him
through several villages. Eight days later, Dengler escaped, but was
recaptured within a short time.

dieterpostrescue.jpgUltimately, Dengler found himself in a camp in Laos held with other American
POWs. One of them, 1Lt. Duane W. Martin, had been aboard an HH43B "Huskie" helicopter operating about 10 miles from the border of Laos in Ha Tinh
Province, North Vietnam, when the HH43B went down near the city of Tan An, and all four personnel aboard the aircraft were captured. It is not clear if the four were captured by North Vietnamese or Pathet Lao troops or a combination of the two. Duane W. Martin was taken to a camp controlled by Pathet Lao. Thomas J. Curtis, William A. Robinson and Arthur N. Black were released in 1973 by the North Vietnamese, and were in the Hanoi prison system as early as 1967.

When Duane Martin arrived at the camp, he found himself held with other
Americans. Some of them had been held for more than two years. (Note: This
would indicate that there were Americans in this camp who had been captured
in 1964. The only American officially listed as captured in Laos in 1964 is
Navy Lt. Charles F. Klusmann, who was captured in June 1964 and escaped in
August 1964. Source for the "two years" information is Mersky & Polmer's
"The Naval Air War in Vietnam", and this source does not identify any
Americans by name who had been held "for more than two years." Civilian
Eugene DeBruin, an acknowledged Laos POW who has never been returned, had
been captured in the fall of 1963. Dengler has stated that a red-bearded
DeBruin was held in one of the camps in which he was held. All previous Laos
loss incidents occurred in 1961 and 1962.)

Throughout the fall of 1965 and into spring and summer of 1966, the group of
Americans suffered regular beatings, torture, harassment, hunger and illness
in the hands of their captors. According to an "American Opinion" special
report entitled "The Code" (June 1973), Dengler witnessed his captors behead
an American Navy pilot and execute six wounded Marines. (Note: no other
source information available at time of writing reveals the names of these
seven Americans.)

On June 29, 1965, after hearing the prisoners were to be killed, Martin and
Dengler and unnamed others (Eugene DeBruin was apparently part of this
group, but was recaptured, and according to information received by his
family, was alive at least until January 1968, when he was taken away with
other prisoners by North Vietnamese regular army troops) decided to make
their escape in a hail of gunfire in which six communist guards were killed.
Dengler was seriously ill with jaundice, and Martin was sick with malaria.
Dengler and Martin and the others made their way through the dense jungle
surviving on fruits, berries, and some rice they had managed to save during
their captivity.

They floated down river on a raft they had constructed, eventually coming to
an abandoned village where the men found some corn. After a night's rest,
Dengler and Martin made their way downstream to another village. This
settlement was occupied, however, and the two Americans were suddenlyDieterpostrescue2.jpg
attacked by a villager with a machete. Dengler managed to escape back into the jungle, but Martin was beheaded by the assailant. It had been 18 days since their escape.

Dengler made his way alone, and on the 22nd day, with his strength almost gone, he was able to form an SOS with some rocks, and waited, exausted to be rescued or die. Luck was with him, for by late morning, an Air Force A1E spotted the signal and directed a helicopter to pick up Dengler. He weighed 98 pounds. When he had launched from his aircraft carrier 5 months earlier, he had weighed 157 pounds.

Curtis, Robinson and Black were released from Hanoi on February 12, 1973, over seven years from the time of their capture. Lt. Duane Martin's fate remainsdietertombstone.jpg uncertain. If, as reported, he was killed during the escape attempt, no effort has been made by the Lao to return his body. Martin is one of nearly 600 Americans who remain prisoner, missing or otherwise unaccounted for in Laos. 

Dieter Dengler resided in California with his wife Yukiko until his death after a long illness on February 7th, 2001. He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery on March 16, 2001.

Here's a clip from the documentary done on Dieter's escape "Little Dieter Needs to Fly."


Deiter Dengler in A-1H


Dieter was a Fighter Pilot Who Never Quit!      

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