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VMFA-112

Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 112, was originally activated as VMF-112, the "Wolfpack", at San Diego, California on March 1, 1942. Its 140 air-to-air kills ranked it third among Marine Corps squadrons in World War II.

Deploying shortly after to Henderson Field on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands in their F4F Wildcats, the Wolfpack joined the Cactus Air Force with Marine Aircraft Group 11. In recognition of its valor and its contributions to victory during its service on Guadalcanal, VMF-112 was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation (US) for August 7 December 9, 1942.

VMF-112 was withdrawn from Guadalcanal to Espiritu Santo for a respite. There it began to switch to the Vought F4U-1 Corsair, the aircraft that it would fly for the rest of World War II. VMF-112 returned to the United States on September 5, 1943 and took up duty at MCAS Miramar, outside of San Diego. It was there that VMF-112 was redesignated VMF(CVS)-112, denoting that the squadron was carrier qualified. In December 1944, VMF-112 was assigned to Air Group 82 aboard USS Bennington for its second combat tour. VMF-112 returned to the United States where it was deactivated on September 10, 1945.

The squadron was reactivated on July 1, 1946 as the Marine Air Detachment, Marine Air Reserve Training Command, Naval Air Station Dallas, Texas. VMF-112 was reactivated with the Corsair, but eventually flew the Grumman F9F Panther and Vought F8U-1 Crusader.

When VMF-111 was deactivated, its aircraft passed to VMF-112, which became the Marines' largest reserve squadron. Upon receipt of the all-weather D/E model of the Crusader, the squadron was redesignated VMF(AW)-112 and flew several more versions of the F-8 until 1983, when it switched to the McDonnell F-4 Phantom II and was redesignated VMFA-112. On January 18, 1992, VMFA-112 retired the last F-4S in active service in the Navy and Marine Corps and switched to the McDonnell Douglas F/A-18A Hornet.


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