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The Great Santini

Posted by Jolly on November 29, 2013

Last Of The Breed -- By Dos Gringos

Every fighter pilot I know has seen "The Great Santini."  The book was written by Pat Conroy and is based on his experience growing up as the son of a Marine Corps fighter pilot.  Pat Conroy has written some outstanding books--not too shabby for a Citadel grad.  Hey, it's Black Friday so if your out shopping for your favorite fighter pilot, here are some great recommendations.  FU is adding three of Conroy's books to it's must read list for future fighter pilots (you listening to me cadets):

- The Great Santini 
- The Lords of Discipline
- My Losing Season

The first two books were made into movies.  The Lords of Discipline was a terrible movie, but the book is fantastic.  It's an accurate behind the scenes look at life as a cadet in a notional military college in South Carolina.  I hear the chapter on "hell night" is very realistic, so I'm told anyway.  My Losing Season is about Conroy's experiences on The Citadel's basketball team.  If you’re a sports fan you'll enjoy it, if you've ever been part of a team that struggled to win you'll love it.

Santini breaks the cardinal rule of a book always being better than the movie.  The movie was very entertaining.  There are some classic one liners from the movie like, "make way for a fighter pilot" and "Castro, I'd like to chase you down the streets of Havana in my F-4".  The Great Santini was a master at speaking fighter pilot.

I've included the eulogy Pat Conroy wrote for his dad's funeral.  It's outstanding and shows you who the real Great Santini was.  Conroy does a superb job explaining what it was like to be the son of a fighter pilot who had seen two wars.  It's fighter pilot's like the Great Santini that give meaning to the song by Dos Gringos, Last of a Breed.


COLONEL DON CONROY'S  EULOGY by his son, Pat Conroy.

The children of fighter pilots tell different stories than other kids do.  None of our fathers can write a will or sell a life insurance policy or fill out a prescription or administer a flu shot or explain what a poet meant.  We tell of fathers who land on aircraft carriers at pitch-black night with the wind howling out of the China Sea.  Our fathers wiped out aircraft batteries in the Philippines and set Japanese soldiers on fire when they made the mistake of trying to overwhelm our troops on the ground.

Your Dads ran the barber shops and worked at the post office and delivered the packages on time and sold the cars, while our  Dads were blowing up fuel depots near Seoul, were providing extraordinarily courageous close air support to the beleaguered Marines at the Chosin Reservoir, and who once turned the Naktong River red with  blood of a retreating North Korean battalion.  We tell of men who made widows of the wives of our nations' enemies and who made orphans out of all their children.

You don't like war or  violence?  Or napalm?  Or rockets?  Or cannons or death  rained down from the sky?  Then let's talk about your fathers,  not ours.  When we talk about the aviators who raised us and the Marines who loved us, we can look you in the eye and say "you would not  like to have been American's enemies when our fathers passed  overhead".  We were raised by the men who made the United States of America the safest country on  earth in the bloodiest century  in all recorded history.  Our fathers  made sacred those strange,  singing names of battlefields across the Pacific:  Guadalcanal, Iwo  Jima, Okinawa, the Chosin Reservoir, Khe Sanh and a thousand more.  We  grew up attending the funerals of Marines slain in these battles.   Your fathers made communities like Beaufort decent  and prosperous and  functional; our fathers made the world safe for democracy.

We have gathered here today to celebrate  the amazing and storied life of Col. Donald Conroy who modestly called  himself by his nomdeguerre, The Great Santini.  There should be no sorrow at this funeral because The Great Santini lived life at full  throttle, moved always in the fast lanes, gunned every engine, teetered  on every edge, seized every moment and shook it like a terrier shaking a rat.  He did not know what moderation was or where you'd go to look for it.

Donald Conroy is the only person I have ever known whose self-esteem was absolutely unassailable.  There was not one thing about himself that my father did not like, nor was there one thing about himself that  he would change.  He simply adored the man he was and walked with perfect confidence through  every encounter in his life.  Dad wished everyone  could be  just like him.  His stubbornness was an art form.  The Great Santini did what he did, when he wanted to do it, and woe to the man who got in his way.

Once I introduced my father before he  gave a speech to an Atlanta audience. I said at the end of the introduction, "My father decided to go into the Marine Corps on the day  he discovered his IQ was the temperature of this room".   My father rose to the podium, stared down at the audience, and said without skipping a beat, "My God, it's hot in here! It must be at  least 180 degrees".

Here is how  my father appeared to me as a boy.  He came from a race of giants and demi-gods from a mythical land known as Chicago.  He  married the most beautiful girl ever to come crawling out of the poor and lowborn south,  and there were times when I thought we were being raised by Zeus and Athena.  After Happy Hour my father would drive his car home at a hundred miles an hour to see his  wife and seven children.  He would get out of his  car, a strapping flight jacketed matinee idol, and walk toward his  house, his knuckles dragging along the ground, his shoes stepping on and killing small animals in his slouching amble toward the home place.

My sister, Carol, stationed at the door, would call  out, "Godzilla's home!" and  we seven children would scamper  toward the door to watch his entry.  The door would be flung open and  the strongest Marine aviator on earth would shout, "Stand by for a fighter pilot!"  He would then line his seven kids up against the wall and  say,

          "Who's the greatest of them all?" 

           "You are, O Great Santini, you are." 

          "Who knows all, sees all, and hears all?" 

          "You do, O Great Santini, you do."

We were not in the middle of a normal childhood,  yet none of us  were sure since it was the only childhood we would  ever have.  For all we knew other men were coming home and  shouting to their families, "Stand by for a pharmacist," or "Stand by for a chiropractor".

In the old, bewildered world of children we knew we were in the presence of a fabulous, overwhelming personality;  but had no idea we were being raised by a genius of his own myth-making.  My mother always told me that my father had reminded her of Rhett Butler on the day they met and everyone who ever knew our mother conjured up the lovely, coquettish image of Scarlet O'Hara.

Let me give you my father the warrior in full battle  array.  The Great Santini is catapulted off the deck of the  aircraft carrier, Sicily.  His Black Sheep squadron is the first to reach the Korean Theater and American ground troops had been getting torn up by North Korean regulars.  Let me do it in his  voice:  "We didn't even have a map of Korea.  Not zip.  We just headed toward the sound of artillery firing along the Naktong  River.  They told us to keep the North Koreans on their side of the Naktong.  Air power hadn't been a factor until we got there that day.  I radioed to Bill Lundin.  I was his wingman.   'There they are.  Let's go get'em.' So we did."

I was interviewing Dad so I asked, "how do you know you  got  them?"  "Easy," The Great Santini said.  "They were running - it's a good sign when you see the enemy running.  There was another good  sign."

          "What was that, Dad?" 

          "They were on fire."

This is the world in which my father lived deeply.   I had no knowledge of it as a child.  When I was writing the book The Great Santini,  they told me at Headquarters Marines that Don Conroy was at one time one of the most decorated aviators in the Marine Corps.  I did not know he had won  a single medal.  When his children gathered together to write his obituary, not one of us knew of any medal he had won, but he had won a slew of  them.

When he flew back toward the carrier that day, he received a call from an Army Colonel on the ground who had witnessed the  route of the North Koreans across the river.  "Could you go pass over the troops fifty miles south of here?  They've  been catching hell for  a week or more.  It'd do them good to  know you flyboys are around."  He flew those fifty miles and came over a mountain and saw a thousand troops lumbered down in foxholes.  He and Bill Lundin went in low so these troops could read  the insignias and know the American aviators had entered the  fray.  My  father said, "Thousands of guys came screaming out of  their foxholes, son.  It sounded like a world series game.  I  got goose pimples in the cockpit.  Get goose pimples telling it  forty-eight years later.  I dipped my wings, waved to the guys.  The roar they let out.  I hear it now.  I hear it now."

During the Cuban Missile Crisis, my mother took me out to the air station where we watched Dad's squadron scramble on the runway for their  bases at Roosevelt Road and Guantanamo.  In the car as we watched the F-4's take off, my mother began to say the rosary. "You praying for Dad  and his men, Mom?"  I asked  her.  "No, son.  I'm praying for the repose of the souls of the Cuban pilots they're going to kill."

Later I would ask my father what his squadron's mission was during the Missile Crisis.  "To clear the air of MIGS over Cuba," he said. "You think you could've done it?"  The Great Santini answered, "There wouldn't have been a bluebird flying over that island, son."

Now let us turn to the literary of The Great Santini.  Some of you may have heard that I had some serious reservations about my father's child-rearing  practices.  When The Great Santini came out, the book roared  through my family like a nuclear device.  My father hated it;  my grandparents hated it; my aunts and uncles hated it; my cousins who adore my father thought I was a psychopath for writing it; and  rumor has it that my mother gave it to the judge in her divorce case and said,  "It's all there.  Everything you need to  know."

What changed my father's mind was when Hollywood entered  the picture and wanted to make a movie of it.  This is when my  father said, "What a shame John Wayne is dead.  Now there was a  man.  Only he could've gotten my incredible virility across to the American people."  Orion Pictures did me a favor and sent my father a telegram; "Dear Col. Conroy:  We have selected the actor  to play you in the coming film.  He wants to come  to Atlanta to interview you.  His name is Truman Capote."

But my father took well to Hollywood and its Byzantine, unspeakable ways.  When  his movie came out, he began reading Variety on a daily basis. He called the movie a classic the first month of its existence.  He claimed  that he had a place in the history of film.  In February of the  following year, he burst into my apartment in Atlanta, as excited as I have ever seen him, and screamed, "Son, you and I were nominated for Academy Awards last night.  Your mother didn't get  squat".

Ladies and gentlemen, you are attending the funeral of the  most  famous Marine that ever lived.  Dad's life had  grandeur, majesty and sweep.  We were all caught in the middle of  living lives much paler and less daring  than The Great  Santini's.  His was a high stepping, damn the torpedoes kind of life, and the stick was always set at high throttle.  There is not another Marine alive who has not heard of The Great Santini.   There's not a fighter pilot alive who does not lift his glass whenever Don Conroy's name is mentioned and give the fighter pilot toast:   "Hurrah for the next man to die".

One day last summer, my father asked me to drive him over to Beaufort National Cemetery.  He wanted to make sure there were no administrative foul-ups about his  plot.  I could think of more pleasurable ways to spend the afternoon, but Dad brought new eloquence to the word stubborn.  We went into the office and a pretty black woman said that everything was squared away.

My father said,  "It'll be the second time I've been buried in this cemetery."  The  woman and I both looked strangely at Dad.  Then he explained, "You ever catch the flick "The Great Santini? That was me they planted at the end of the movie."

All of you will be part of a very special  event today.  You will be witnessing the actual burial that has already been filmed in fictional setting.  This has never happened in world history.  You will be present in a scene that was acted out in film in 1979.  You will be in the same town and the same cemetery.  Only The Great Santini himself will be different.

In his last weeks my father told me, "I was always your  best subject, son.  Your career took a nose dive after The Great Santini came out".

He had become so media savvy that during his last  illness he told me not to schedule his funeral on the same day as the  Seinfeld Farewell.  The Colonel thought it would hold down the crowd.  The Colonel's death was front-page news across the  country.  CNN announced his passing on the evening news all around the world.

Don Conroy was a simple man and an American hero.   His wit was remarkable; his intelligence frightening; and his sophistication next to none.  He was a man's man and I would bet he hadn't spend a thousand dollars in his whole life on his  wardrobe.  He lived out his whole retirement in a two room efficiency in the Darlington Apartment in Atlanta.  He claimed he never spent over a dollar on any piece of furniture he owned.  You would believe him if you saw the furniture.

Dad bought a season ticket  for himself to Six Flags Over Georgia and would often go there alone to  enjoy the rides and hear the children squeal with pleasure.  He  was a beer drinker who thought wine was for Frenchmen or effete social climbers like his children.

Ah!  His children.  Here is how God gets a Marine Corps fighter pilot.  He sends him seven squirrelly, mealy-mouth children who march in peace demonstrations,  wear Birkenstocks, flirt with vegetarianism,  invite cross-dressers to dinner and vote for candidates that Dad would line up and shoot.   If my father knew how many tears his children had shed since his death,  he would be mortally ashamed of us all and begin yelling that he should've been tougher on us all, knocked us into better shape - that  he certainly didn't mean to raise a passel of kids so weak and  tacky they would cry at his death.  Don Conroy was the best uncle I ever saw, the best brother, the best grandfather, the best friend, and my God, what a father.

After my mother divorced him and The Great Santini was published, Don Conroy had the best second act  I ever saw.  He never was simply a father.  This was The Great Santini.  It is time to leave you, Dad.  From Carol and Mike and Kathy and Jim and Tim and especially from Tom.  Your kids wanted to especially thank Katy and Bobby and Willie Harvey who cared for you heroically.

Let us leave you and say good-bye, Dad, with the passwords that bind all Marines and their wives and their children forever.  The Corps was always the most important thing.

          Semper Fi, Dad 

          Semper Fi, O Great Santini.


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Posted by BobMuskratMcNeese on
I was lucky enough to be the USAF pilot on exchange duty with the USMC at Beaufort MCAS, SC from 1979-81, flying F-4J/S's. I checked in to VMFA-251 just after the filming of The Great Santini. Much of the movie was made on base, with VMFA-251's Ready Room prominently featured. The premier showing of the film was in the Base Theater, with Duvall and many other stars in attendance. For months after, the Air Group had a series of accidents, including several fatalities. It seemed that any pilot/RIO who had been filmed was involved, and it became known as "The Curse Of Santini."
Posted by Ingo on
Awesome eulogy Jolly! Thanks for posting it.
Posted by arlo on
Glad to hear that Pat finally made peace with his father.

"I hear the chapter on "hell night" is very realistic, so I'm told anyway"
Ya, I used to have a roommate who would break out his "shaker" headgear, prance around the room, and tell me what it took to get into drill team. LOL!
Posted by Plug on
Sort of stumbled on this site today. I am the back seat guy in the 'Navy' Phantom, side #10 in the opening scene of Santini to which Muskrat refers. He is quite right about the short futures of a bunch of the participants in the Santini film. They were all good guys: one was an OCS Company comrade, one was my driver for a Westpac tour, one was a CO I flew with for a year after returning from Westpac... I ended up jumping out of a TA-4 inTexas a year or two later. I guess I was lucky: my biggest injury was a bad hangover the next morning.
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